Parameters of Paragon City

Desired strategies

– Effect of Urban Planning on Microeconomics

If an urban design is open to interaction, it can create chances for local stores to offer their services to their community.


– Improving the mental and physical health of inhabitants

When it has been established that a severely ill person no longerbenefits from major medical interventions, palliative end-of-life care may be proposed. Along with a shift in treatment, a move from the clinical setting of the typical hospital to an environment that is sensitive to the circumstances of the patient’s suffering and respectful of the patient’s impending transition may be appropriate. For an architect of such end-of-life settings questions arise: how can the physical environment contribute to counteracting typical feelings such as fear and isolation? How can architecture support patients, their families and care givers by giving expression to symbolic and spiritual dimensions of dying while not disregarding the functional aspects of palliative care. Can architecture contribute to establishing death as a celebrated part of life, similar to birth? Is it possible
to create a sense of the sacred in the everyday life of a palliative care unit?
The Palliative Care Center at the University Hospital in Göttingen, Germany, designed by the Göttingen firm bmp architekten and opened in January 2007, can make significant contributions to answering these questions and to advancing the discussion about what the architecture of palliative care, perhaps even health care altogether, should be in the future. Patients on this ward are extremely ill, often close to death, and typically suffering from extreme physical pain and other debilitating symptoms. The goal of palliative medicine is to reduce human suffering and to stabilize, and possibly improve, the quality of life of the patients during the last weeks and days of life. Pain
reduction and symptom control are achieved through a holistic care model that includes medical, psychological, social and spiritual dimensions.
In designing the Göttingen unit, the architect worked closely with the staff psychologist to give Careful detailing facilitates ease and comfort of use and assists patients in their struggle to adapt to the changes in life circumstance. Furnishings are selected with regard to materiality and color in order
to support the patient’s physical and psychological well-being.
Along a single-loaded corridor the glazed spaces between the structural supports have been developed into alcoves, allowing either for a temporary retreat from activity or for quiet conversation between patients and visitors, while offering views into an exterior courtyard garden.
Both inside and out, materials and colors generate a sense of subtle warmth and create an ambiance that offers a variety of activities and moods: outward views and inner reflection, stimulation and relaxation, calmness and movement, communication and silence, activity and withdrawal. By doing so, psycho-social and spiritual aspects of life are moved into the foreground, made possible by the spatial organization of the ward and emphasized through innovative and thoughtful details.
Two spaces were given particular attention. The Room of Sound is intended as ‘a world apart’ and highly contemplative in nature. A narrow band of light separates the acacia wood floor surface from the walls. The walls themselves are made of soft batik-dyed orange fabric and curve gently, perhaps reminiscent of a womb. The suspended ceiling plane is made of joint-less stretched film upon which moving clouds and the daylight spectrum of colors can be projected. Given its intention to provide an experience of sound, several flat loudspeakers hidden behind the wall fabric can create soothing soundscapes which further enhance the wide range of possible light moods. Curved glass panes offer views of a small meditative garden where the gentle flow of spring water flows from a rock into simple reflective water basin. A small sculpture inside the window invites silent meditation.
Distinguishing itself radically from institutional bathrooms, the Bathing Room focuses on feeling and seeing. The rectangular volume of the space is softened by an inner curved wall, which elegantly hides cabinets and a sink while providing a glow of indirect lighting for the space.
Reminiscent of a wellness spa rather than the ward of a hospital, the bath contains a tub that features water jets and small light sources incorporated into its inner lining, a ‘rain shower’ as well as a infrared lights to dry off quickly without the use of towels. On the wall across from the tub is a largescale screen upon which a variety of soothing movies, typically of water or landscape scenes, can be projected.

To further enhance the experience of this bathing event, the ceiling is dotted with tiny sparkling starlike lights, the color of which can be adjusted to the patient’s wishes.
There is also a stereo to support the mood with appropriate music as well as the possibility for aromatherapy.

Feeling via the skin, such as experiencing water on one’s body, is not only a joyful sense perception but also a sensation that can be experienced up until the very end.  Focusing on life rather than death, this facility not only affords the best quality of life possible under the circumstances but also provides an instructive example of how the experience of everyday activities, which as healthy persons often take for granted, can potentially create a sacred atmosphere for the transition into death.
The author wishes to thank Dirk Eggebrecht, Dipl. Psych., staff member of the Palliative Care Center at Universitätsmedizin Göttingen; and Michael Timm, Dipl. Ing., of bmp architekten, both of whom gave generously of their time to share insights into patient and staff needs as well as considerations about
the design of this facility.
© Published by 2A Magazine, Issue # 12


– Cultural Promoting in Cities

Emphasized by many and forgotten by other architects, spirituality is an important quality, which connects with the very core of human needs. Qualities such as love, kindness, peace, etc. are moralities that lead us to a better future and if neglected, it can depart us from our very human selves by time, space can be an efficient representative of these phenomenons. Architects such as B.
V. Doshi refer to spirituality in architecture as places that has no particular usage but also you can do anything in them. They also are designed by context and culture.


– Resource Management

he interplay between cities and resources is highly diverse and complex. Some 75% of all natural resources worldwide are consumed in and by cities, and the quality of land, air and water is majorly impaired by harmful emissions, sealing and waste water. Explicitly urban problem-solving approaches are increasingly coming into focus, such as the agricultural use of fallow land, resource recovery from waste, and nature conservation in cities.


– Environmental Awareness

Embracing the ecology of a context as a key design indicator is not only an aspect of sustainable design but it also affects the wellbeing of a city and people in general. Green design is no doubt the future of design.


– Conservation and Rehabilitation of the Urban Heritage

When we want to define “urban heritage”, what comes to the mind of most urban planners and managers are usually “monuments”, i.e. churches, temples, all sorts of religious buildings, palaces, castles, fortresses, historic city walls and gates and other types of institutional buildings (e.g. of education, science, administration, or other social purposes). This understanding often excludes historic residential areas and historic city centres which equally represent the urban heritage. In addition, there may even be non-tangible elements of urban heritage, such as customs and beliefs, which play a role for the articulation of space use and the built environment. Due to the existence of international cultural organisations, such as the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM) and the International Commission on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) and a good number of local conservation groups, monuments have at least a “lobby” and are in a somewhat more favourable situation than historic residential areas. The above organisations and interest groups seem to yield some success in their efforts to achieve greater interest for the course of preservation and conservation of old monuments of historic value. However, seldom is a crossreference made between urban heritage and sustainability.
The recent concern for sustainability and the “brown agenda” of urban environmental development has completely excluded urban heritage from the sustainability discussion.
2 The built environment and built expressions of culture, of military, economic and religious powers and forces as part of the national heritage deserve to be included in this perspective, and urban heritage should attain the status of a preservable asset which can benefit the present and the future of cities.
Such an asset is not only limited to cultural perspectives, but could become an economic asset with good potential for economic exploitation, for instance through tourism, for
culturally-based image building of local economic development or the promotion of corporate enterprises.


– Social Education


Raising social awareness about society’s concerns and challenges by educating them in various fields.

It will create more responsible, useful and socially wiser citizen.

architectural expression to this holistic model of care. Taking its clue from the word ‘pallium’, Latin for ‘coat’ or ‘cloak’, trellised climbing plants provide a green protective layer on the exterior of the palliative ward shielding patient rooms, wooden decks and adjacent garden rooms.

, click edit button to change this text.

Desired Qualities

– Urban Security

one of the key indicators that affects the quality of the urban spaces is security. An engaging social life and creating a sense of belonging can give a sense of security to people and it also decreases the crime rates noticeably.


– Urban Safety

Many of the world’s cities can become safer and healthier places by changing the design of their streets and communities. Where public streets have been designed to serve primarily or even exclusively private motor vehicle traffic, they can be made immensely safer for all users if they are designed to effectively serve pedestrians, public transport users, bicyclists, and other public activity.
Traffic safety has much to do with the interaction among people, the street environment, and vehicles, and improving the quality of life in cities.


– Urban Accessibility (Quality of Accessibilities and Ways)


– Urban Adaptability

As the world rapidly changes, a city must be designed to face unseen shifts with preparedness. For example, in the recent years many cities have faced the immigration of refugees, which has caused complications and difficulties. If these cities were designed to be adaptive when required, many of these problems could be solved effortlessly.


– Urban Sprituality

The city which have friendship and love spaces and the special type of people such as elites, artists, philosophers and smart people live in the city and there are always a positive wave of reality and love.

– Urban Mobility

Designing in dialogue needs and seeks the interaction with the urban context. In this case, one would have to discuss whether, and in what manner, the design would have to stand up against the imposing presence of the road in order to be able to develop its own conclusive identity. However, such a discussion would not make sense from the urban design point of view unless it also intends to create an overall identity, i.e. ideally that of an ensemble that includes both the road and buildings.
That would be an architectural solution which, instead of pitting one structure against the other and creating both in isolation, attempts to harmonize the existing context with as much responsibility as possible – both in terms of aesthetics, and functionality.
To expand the image, one could say that a dialogue is not a one-way street. In order for their buildings to function appropriately, the designers of offices, housing or multi-purpose buildings often have to carry out difficult negotiations with those of transport buildings and structures. The reverse is also true. A railway station has to be understood and designed as part of the city. Even when an airport is built outside the urban area, it has to develop a relationship with the city. It is the city’s ambassador, or its extension; it belongs exactly where it is, and nowhere else.

oes here, click edit button to change this text.

Desired Approaches

– Dynamic City

Lively city, active, flexible and with principles


– Creative City (City as Creativity and Innovation Generator)

A city that encourages geniuses and talents


– Urban Equality (City Equality)

  • Non- sexual violence
  •  Implementation of citizens right
  •  Non- class difference in society


– Social peace and well balanced living

An effective city design provides equal chances for everyone to express themselves. It creates a city,  which is useable by everyone at any time of the day and its facilities have every group in mind.


– Smart City

In the age of internet and smartphones, a city can not fall behind and to keep up it have to use the opportunities provided by technology to faciliate the lives of its inhabitants. however this aspect is more directed to the managements of the cities but still the urban designers can benefit greatly by using this convenience.


– Resilient City

The definition of the term ‘resilient’ as explained by the book means possessing inner strength and resolve. Thus a resilient city takes into consideration appropriate built form and physical infrastructure to be more resilient to the physical, social and economic challenges that come with depleting carbon-based fuels and climate change.


– Right to the City (Respecting Basic human Rights and Values)

The Right to the City is defined by David Harvey as: “far more than the individual liberty to access urban resources: it is a right to change ourselves by  changing the city. It is, moreover, a common rather than an individual right since this transformation inevitably depends upon the exercise of a collective power to reshape the processes of urbanization.
The freedom to make and remake our cities and ourselves is, I want to argue, one of the most precious yet most neglected of our human rights.”  At its heart, the Right to the City is more than just improving people’s neighbourhoods and housing, or improving the city and its surroundings. It is about democratic control over the city, with the right
to access, occupy and use urban space.

– Contextual Urban Planning

Emphasized by many and forgotten by other architects, spirituality is an important quality, which connects with the very core of human needs. Qualities such as love, kindness, peace, etc. are moralities that lead us to a better future and if neglected, it can depart us from our very human selves by time, space can be an efficient representative of these phenomenons. Architects such as B.
V. Doshi refer to spirituality in architecture as places that has no particular usage but also you can do anything in them. They also are designed by context and culture.


– Sustainable Development *
Heath, Safety and Welfare’ can be seen as a large category that includes everything from code compliance to cultural sustenance. The most crucial HSW problems humankind faces now is caused by the rapid industrialization and population growth of the last 200 years. These factors have led to the depletion and degradation of life’s resources, mass extinctions of many species, and anthropogenic climate change. There is no greater challenge and professional responsibility for architecture than to solve these problems through Sustainable Design.
If the objectives of Sustainable Design are to be fulfilled, this will take the multidisciplinary efforts of the entire profession along with other design, planning, and construction professionals. Individual efforts will be important, but the challenge is too big to be met by a few heroic individuals (the old model of architect as ‘gentleman artiste’). Unfortunately, much of architectural practice continues to operate from this neo-romantic paradigm that over-values ‘passion’, individual aesthetic expression,
and phenomenal excitement.
The formal expression of Sustainable Design must be sought, but this effort must not compromise the physical performance of our designs. The stakes are too high. If James Lovelock (the scientist who first used the concept of ‘Gaia’ to explain the threats of climate change) is correct, the earth (Gaia) is not at dire risk, humankind is not at dire risk, but human culture is.
Sustainability occurs at the meeting ground of; environmental performance, equity performance and economic performance. This ‘triple bottom line’ (TBL) thinking provides us with a new paradigm from which to redefine architecture and the role a professional architect must fill in humankind’s attempt
to redefine its relationship to nature.
The ideal sustainable design fulfills the triple bottom line by acting like a species in its habitat. Paraphrasing from the “Living Building Challenge”; it provides as much energy as it uses, harvests its own water, is adapted to its context, operates pollution free, promotes health and well-being, and is beautiful.


The literal meaning of sustainability is the ability to sustain. That is simple enough. But it leaves the question, “sustain what?”
My answer to this question is,”… a healthy way for our species to occupy this planet”.
Our rapid industrialization of the planet Earth and rapid population growth over the last 200 years has led to a very unhealthy relationship with the planet. This age, the Anthropocene, has been defined by the depletion and degradation of life’s resources, mass extinctions of many species, and anthropogenic climate change.
What should we do in order to establish an ability to sustain a healthy way for our species to inhabit this planet?
First, we must act as though we are part of Earth’s Nature, not separate from it. Our sense of separation from Nature has caused us to consider Nature to be “the Other” to be feared, conquered, and exploited.
Second, we must cure ourselves of our hubris. Our modern technology has allowed us the illusion that we are “in charge” and have succeeded in overcoming Nature. We have, in the ancient Greeks’ terms, put ourselves in the place of the gods – “hubris”.
Third, we must act as though the Earth has limits. It is, in Buckminster Fuller’s term, “Spaceship Earth”. We are all passengers on this blue marble, and the resources are finite.
Fourth, we must act according to Elkington’s “Triple Bottom Line” thinking. That is, Economic interests, Ecological interests, and Equity interests must be seen as co-dependent, not as conflicting objectives. A sustainable state does not exist without finding the synergies amongst these three
Only by addressing all four of the above can we develop the ability to sustain a healthy way for our species to inhabit this planet. Or in other words, to achieve sustainability.

* Contributor:  Steve Padget
AIA, LEED AP BD&C, faculty member in Architecture at the University of Kansas Architecture is a profession. Architects, as all professionals, act in the service of the public’s health, safety and welfare (HSW).
Member of the editorial board of 2A Magazine


– Tutor City

Creative build up initiative to show the demonstration in the cities for creating the ideas of architecture and urban design which are unique and interactive.